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Sustainability

How green roofs can tackle the devastation of urban flooding

By Knauf Insulation
March 22, 2022

Flash floods are becoming more frequent causing devastation in urban centres with antiquated sewage systems. To mark World Water Day, our green roof expert discusses how Urbanscape® can help ease the misery of flooded cities.

On July 13, 2021, London endured a month of rain in just one day bringing parts of the city to a complete standstill.

Lack Of Green Space In City Cause Flooding

Rail links were closed, roads and motorways were waterlogged, cars and buses were abandoned, shops, restaurants and offices deluged and hospitals had to evacuate patients when flood water caused emergency power outages.

In just five hours, London’s Thames Water Authority received 2,500 calls as the city’s 19th century sewer system filled up and flooded streets and buildings.

London was not the only major city to suffer flooding that month. Three days previously, New York was also hit by severe flash flooding, causing drainage systems to overflow and forcing commuters to wade waist deep through subway stations.

Then tragedy. In the last two weeks of the month floods killed 302 people in China’s Henan province and in Europe 196 died as intense storms swept across Belgium, the Netherlands and Germany.

 

‘Drain systems are too old to manage floods’

Severe flash flooding is becoming increasingly common around the world and concentrated urban areas in particular are completely unprepared for their impact, say scientists.

Dr Harvey Rodda, University College of London’s Department of Earth Sciences, says: “The drainage infrastructure in London has a part to play in surface water flooding. Many surface water sewers are old, have not been designed on hydrological studies and are under-capacity.”

In addition, many urban areas have developed more hard surfaces than ever before. In the UK, for example, one survey reported more than one in 10 British gardens had been paved over to create a parking space.

Despite green spaces shrinking, flat concrete roofs still dominate urban skylines, open spaces remain paved and streets and motorways continue to spread their endless tarmac trail across national landscapes.

 

Green roofs help reduce flooding

Commenting on subway flooding in New York, the city’s Interim Transit President Sarah Feinburg says: “Concrete does not absorb water. The water comes through vents, downstairs in waterfalls, and then if drains cannot handle the water, it goes over the curb and makes things worse.”

So, how can we adapt our urban areas to be more resilient to extreme flooding? Green roofs are a highly effective solution.

Jure Šumi, Knauf Insulation’s Green Solutions Advocacy Lead, says: “Today is the United Nations’ World Water Day which every year focuses on the sustainable management of our most precious research.

“This is the perfect opportunity to call for a mass overhaul of water management infrastructures, encourage more green spaces such as gardens and parks and redesign buildings to make them more resilient by incorporating green roofs and walls to absorb intense stormwater.”

Knauf Insulation’s Urbanscape® Green Roof System, for example, weighs 20 kg per sqm when dry, but can absorb between 40 and 70 kg per sqm when fully saturated with water.

“To put that into perspective, an 8,300 m2 Urbanscape® Green Roof System we installed on a retail building in France is capable of capturing almost two Olympic-sized swimming pools of storm-water every year.”

Jure Sumi KI Group Digital and Brand Manager

Growing global demand for green roofs

Stormwater Absorption In Cities With Green Roof

Dozens of cities have already adapted measures to increase the amount of green infrastructure on their buildings from Singapore and Amsterdam to Chicago and Toronto. In Copenhagen, green roofs have been mandated in local plans since 2010.

In the words of the Danish capital’s green roof report, “Green roofs cool our cities, enhance biodiversity and reduce rainwater runoff. They also bring beauty to what otherwise can be very grey places.”

Jure adds: “The number of severe storms is increasing, our urban infrastructure is creaking at the seams and the surface of roofs in urban areas accounts for up to 50% of total sealed areas in cities.

“We have an unmissable opportunity to introduce more green infrastructure and make a significant contribution to urban flood water management as well as help restore the natural water cycle which has been disturbed by uncontrolled urbanisation.”

 

How Urbanscape® green roofs tackle flooding

  • Green roofs can retain storm water and release it back into the air by drying naturally. Urbanscape Green Roll growing media can hold up to three to four times more water per its volume than other green roof substrates. In one test case, the solution was found to retain 66% of storm water.
  • Solutions such as Urbanscape Detention Green Roof System can help capture more rainwater than ever. The Detention system delays the outflow of the water from the roof reducing the peak volume of water entering urban sewers.
  • Urbanscape experts are always on hand to support any green roof project but to understand the rainfall challenges of specific climates, countries and cities download the free Urbanscape Performance Evaluation Tool (PET). The tool uses constantly updated rainfall data from around the world to assess the type of green roof required in specific urban area.
Retain Storm Water With Green Roll Urbanscape®

Click here for more details about World Water Day.

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